Newfoundland & Labrador
Newfoundland and Labrador is the easternmost province in Canada, and lies at the eastern edge of North America, encompassing the island of Newfoundland, with the mainland Labrador to the northwest. Sharing the same latitude as Paris, France, it is the closest point in Canada to Britain, with only a five-hour flight to arrive in the capital city of St. John’s. St. John’s lies on the Avalon Peninsula of Newfoundland, and is relatively small with a population of less than two hundred thousand, which is just over half of the population of the entire province. Once a part of the United Kingdom, Newfoundland became part of the Canadian Confederation in 1949, its name amended to Newfoundland and Labrador more recently in 2001. The landscape ranges from the lush vegetation of the interior Boreal Forest, to the rocky rugged coast, Arctic tundra and mountains in the north of Labrador. Gros Morne National Park, on the western coast of Newfoundland, is a UNESCO World Heritage Site, home to the northern tip of the Appalachian Trail as well as the Long Range Mountains. A well-known destination for geological enthusiasts and scientists, it is home to some of the worlds’ oldest fossils and rock formations.